Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic state with some 17 508 islands (of which 6000 are inhabited), and 54 716 km of coastline, and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of more than 6.1 million sq km, the sixth largest in the world. Indonesian fishers operate various fishing gears such as longline, purse seine and handline to catch tuna and tuna-like species. In 2018, there were 326 vessels active fishing vessels, dominated by longline vessels and followed by purse seine vessels. The total catch of main species of tuna in 2018 was estimated to be around 151,592 t, which composed of albacore tuna (5,604 t), bigeye tuna (20,404 t), skipjack tuna (85,277 t) and yellowfin tuna (40,306 t).

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